The Parts Of A Golf Club: Complete Guide [+Annotated Diagrams]

Welcome to our ‘parts of a golf club’ guide!

The simple definition of golf is that you hit a ball with a stick and try to make it in a hole. This is how the game started in Scotland back in the 15th century.

We have come a long way since those days. What were once “sticks” are now complicated pieces of sports equipment.

Did you know there are 20+ parts of modern golf clubs?

Knowledge is power and the more you know about your “sticks,” the better you will play.

Regardless if you are thinking about buying a new set or are interested in learning more about your existing clubs, we can help.

You can use the different parts of a golf club to play better. Eliminate your slice and reduce your golf handicap.

Below we have created a complete guide on the parts of a golf club. Enjoy!

Parts of a golf club featured image showing the top of a bunch of golf clubs.

Parts Of A Golf Club: The Basics

Before we dig too deep, let’s start simple. A golf club is made up of 3 components: the clubhead, the shaft, and the grip.

A: The Clubhead

The clubhead (also referred to as the head) is the bottom of the club. It is the part of the golf club that is designed to hit the ball.

Drivers, woods, hybrids, irons, and putters all have clubheads. They are designed differently based on how they should be used.

Woods and hybrids are designed to brush the ground, but irons are built to cut down through the turf.

The golf termdivot‘ comes from the chunk of ground that is removed when hitting an iron shot.

The Parts Of A Golf Club: Complete Guide [+Annotated Diagrams] 1

B: The Shaft

The shaft is in the middle of the golf club. The bottom of the shaft connects to the clubhead and the top of the shaft is where the grip is located.

One of the most important parts of a golf club, the shaft, acts as the lever in your golf swing.

If you want maximum distance, your shaft must match your swing speed.

C: The Grip

Not to be confused with how you hold the club, the grip is part of the golf club that you hold when making a swing.

The grip is slid on the top of the shaft and allows you to keep a consistent grip on the golf club.

Your grips are the simplest of the parts of a golf club but don’t overlook their importance. You need to keep them clean and change them periodically.

It is difficult to play if your grips get wet. Make sure you protect them from the rain and elements.

Golf cart with some golf clubs in the back.

Parts Of A Golf Club: The Clubhead

We are going to build our club from the ground up. Our deep dive into the parts of a golf club is going to start with the most complicated. The clubhead.

We have identified 12 unique parts to a clubhead.

#1: Hosel (Neck/Socket)

The hosel is the top of the clubhead. The shaft is inserted into the hosel when the club is built. You may golfers refer to this as the neck or the socket.

The hosel is infamous to golfers because it can create one of the most feared shots in golf – the shank!

The hosel on your irons and wedges bulges out slightly from the clubface. If your ball catches this bulge, it will go violently to the right.

The golf term for this tragic shot is a shank. Even professional golfers will occasionally catch the hosel and hit a shank.

Drivers, fairway woods, and hybrids have a hosel, but they don’t have “the bulge”. This makes it impossible to truly shank one of these club types.

Close up of a club head about to hit the ball at sunset.

#2: Ferrule

Next up on our list of parts of the golf club is the Ferrule. Most golfers are not familiar with this one.

It is typically a black ring of hard plastic that covers up where the shaft is inserted into the hosel. Not all clubs have a ferrule, but most do.

It is not uncommon for a ferrule to come loose and slide up the shaft slightly. This does not typically impact the performance of the golf club, but you may want to have a club expert check it out.

#3: Clubface

The clubface is the front of the clubhead. It is the part of the club that is designed to strike the golf ball.

Different clubs will have different lofts which help the player control how far the ball travels when hit.

All clubs including putters have a clubface. It is important to clean the clubface before and after each shot.

Dirt, sand, or moisture on your clubface can cause you to lose distance or make the ball hook or slice.

Three clubs and three balls lying on the grass.

#4: Grooves

The grooves are the horizontal indentations on your clubface. Except for some putters, all golf clubs have grooves.

They allow your club to grip the ball at impact and this gives the golfer more control of the shot. Do you ever spin back an iron shot? This is because of the grooves.

Add this to your list of parts of a golf club to keep clean. Dirt or sand can get into your grooves and reduce their performance.

Use a tee to scrape debris out of your grooves and have better control of your iron shots.

#5: The “Sweet Spot”

The “sweet spot” is in the center of the clubface. It is where you are trying to make contact with the golf ball.

In darts, it would be the bullseye. Nothing feels better than catching a shot in the sweet spot.

Golf is hard. Even scratch golfers miss the sweet spot on a majority of their shots. When you find it, cherish the feeling.

close up of various putters.

#6: The Toe

The toe of your club is outside of the sweet spot on your clubface. You may be simply standing too far from the golf ball.

Shots hit with the toe of your club tend to hook and will not travel as far as normal. We all strive to hit the sweet spot, but you will sometimes find the toe.

#7: The Heel

The heel of your club is inside of the sweet spot on your clubface. It is between the sweet spot and the hosel.

If you are hitting iron shots off the heel you are running the risk of catching the hosel and hitting a shank.

When you hit the golf ball with the heel you will tend to hit a weak slice. You will feel it in your hands, especially on a cold day.

#8: Sole

The sole is the bottom of the golf club and this golfing term is typically used to describe this part of an iron.

This is where you will typically find the engraving of the type of club (8-iron) or the loft of the club (56 degrees).

The sole shape and size will vary depending on the type of club (PING, Callaway, etc.) and the club itself. A wedge has a different sole than a 4-iron.

Diagram showing the parts of a golf club head.

#9: Leading Edge

The next 4 parts of a golf club on our list are the most complex.

The leading edge is where the bottom of the clubface meets the sole. It is the first part of the club that will strike the ground during your swing.

For irons, the leading edge is designed to cut through the grass/turf. You want the leading edge to hit the ground and clubface (sweet spot) to hit the ball.

If you strike the golf ball with the leading edge you will hit a low shot that goes too far. Golfers refer to this as “blading” the ball or “hitting it thin”.

Like many parts of a golf club, the leading edge plays a critical role, but you don’t want to hit your ball with it.

#10: Trailing Edge

The trailing edge is the bottom, back part of your golf club. Again, this term is typically only used to describe an iron.

The leading edge is at the front of the sole and the trailing edge is at the back.

#11: Bounce

We have reached one of the most technical parts of a golf club when we talk about the bounce.

The bounce is the angle formed by the line of the sole of the club in relation to the line of the ground. When a club has no bounce the sole lies flat on the ground.

This is an important topic when you are selecting your wedges (lob, sand, gap) because you have options.

Wedges are built with different bounces to give golfers options. For example, a sand wedge with extra bounce will be easier to use out of fluffy sand, but more challenging on firm turf.

The Parts Of A Golf Club: Complete Guide [+Annotated Diagrams] 2

#12: Grind

Grind refers to the idea of customizing a wedge by altering the bounce. Grinding off material from the sole can alter the bounce.

Wedge manufacturers now offer different grinds and the idea is that you tailor it to your game.

This concludes our parts of a golf club section on the clubhead. Next up, we discuss shafts.

Parts of A Golf Club: The Shaft

The shaft may seem like one of the simple parts of a golf club, but it has a large impact on the shots you hit. Let’s take a deeper look.

#1: The Material

Golf shafts are made from steel or graphite. Steel is heavier and more stable, while graphite can help you hit the ball farther.

The normal configuration in a set of clubs is steel shafts for irons and wedges. Graphite shafts for hybrids, fairway woods, and drivers.

Players with slower swing speeds sometimes use graphite throughout their set.

Picture of a man's legs about to take his swing.

Some combo shafts are half graphite and half steel. To put it another way, you have options when it comes to the material of your shafts.

#2: The Flex

The flex of your shaft describes its stiffness. This is easily one of the most important parts of a golf club.

More advanced players with higher swing speeds will prefer stiffer shafts. Lower swing speed golfers will get more distance by using a shaft with more flex.

Shafts are offered in several different flexes. Senior, regular, stiff, and extra-stiff are the most common.

For best results, match your swing speed to your shaft flex.

#3: Kick Point

The kick point of a shaft is where it is designed to bend during your swing. Kick point options include high, mid, and low.

A golf club bag in the forefront, and a golfer in the blurred background.

A high kick point will help you keep the ball down and conversely, a low kick point will help you get it up in the air.

It is amazing how the different parts of a golf club work together to help you produce golf shots.

#4: Length

A pretty simple one. The length of your shaft is how long it is in inches. By standard setup, they vary by club.

Your driver will have your longest shaft and your wedges will have the shortest shaft. In most sets of clubs, each one gets a little shorter.

Your 7-iron is a little shorter than your 6-iron, which is a little shorter than your 5-iron.

Made popular by Bryson DeChambeau, you can find sets of irons now that all have the same length shaft, but this is still rare.

Close up image of 6 numbered putters.

Get Custom Fit For Your Shafts

More so than other parts of a golf club, many golfers have started to get a custom fitting for their shafts.

It can be hard to select the correct flex, kick point, and length without professional help. Who knows, you might be a fitting session away from breaking 90 for the first time!

Get the right shaft and play better golf.

Parts Of A Golf Club: The Grip

The grip may seem like one of the simpler parts of a golf club, but there are still things you should know before making a selection.

#1: Type/Style

Not all grips are the same. There are three different styles for you to consider.

The softest grip is called a “tour wrap”. Easy on your hands and will get tacky when moist.

If you want maximum grip, you should try a “cord” golf grip. This will be rougher on your hands but gives you a more secure grip.

The third type would be between a “tour wrap” and “cord”. It has a pattern to help you grip but is not as harsh on your hands as a “cord”.

The best grip type for you will come down to personal preference, how much your hands sweat, and the climate where you play.

A bunch of silver golf clubs of various shapes and sizes bundles together.

#2: Color

Do you want to make a fashion statement? The grip is one of the few parts of a golf club that gives you this option.

The standard color for golf grips is black. White is the next most typical, but you can now find them in almost any color in the rainbow.

The performance of the grip doesn’t change, so feel free to be creative!

#3: Size

Did you think all golf grips were the same size? You are correct, but that doesn’t mean all players use the same size grips. Let me explain.

Grips are attached to the shaft of your club using tape. You can increase the size of the grip by adding layers of tape.

Golfers with larger hands or with arthritis often prefer a thicker grip.

The one exception to the rule is putter grips. Putter grips are offered in various shapes and sizes. SuperStroke started the trend of large putter grips.

A larger putter grip can help golfers that struggle with the yips.

We hope our deep dive into the parts of a golf club was helpful!

A customer and a shop assistant in a golf shop looking at golf clubs.

Let’s Learn How To Use Those Clubs

Ray Dingledine

Ray Dingledine

Ray has played golf for over 30 years and competed at the collegiate level. He enjoys growing the game of golf through coaching PGA Jr. and High School golf teams. Ray continues to play in local amateur golf events and currently has a +1 handicap.

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